In 480 BC, Leonidas and his 300 Spartans made their brave stand against the Persian invaders. King Xerxes was able to land his ships close to the “Hot Gates” or Thermopylae. Thermopylae was a natural choke point at the time, bordered by the Agean Sea/Malian Gulf on one side, and a mountain on the other. Today, the site of the battle is a few kilometers inland, far from the shoreline, and it is no longer a choke point. Today King Xerxes would have had no trouble at all surrounding the 300 Spartans, so in reality, the World owes a great deal of gratitude to global warming. Without Global Warming, we would have no Democracy.
Since that time, the globe has cooled, glaciers have expanded and the sea level has receded. Thermopylae offers clear evidence that temperatures have been much warmer in the past, and CO2 had nothing to do with it. Roman vineyards in Northern Britain offer additional archeological evidence of a much warmer past.
The Battle of Thermopylae was fought between alliances of Greek city-states, led by King Leonidas of Sparta, and the Persian Empire of Xerxes I over the course of three days, during the second Persian invasion of Greece. It took place simultaneously with the naval battle at Artemisium, in August or September 480 BC, at the narrow coastal pass of Thermopylae (“The Hot Gates”). The Persian invasion was a delayed response to the defeat of the first Persian invasion of Greece, which had been ended by the Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC. Xerxes had amassed a huge army and navy, and set out to conquer all of Greece.
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